Jamestown, Virginia, was the first permanent English settlement in America. The colonists sailed from England on December of 1606, after traveling by ship for four long months they founded Jamestown on May 13, 1607. In 1608, only 38 out of the 104 original settlers had survived. Through the first two years, the colonists had a very difficult time surviving. This was known as the "starving time." Captain John Smith became the head of Jamestown and encouraged the settlers to work in order to get food. Eventually the colony began to expand. Women came to the settlement in 1609. In 1619, the House of Burgesses was formed creating the first government formed in the American colonies.